The success or failure of your book, direct mail piece, annual report, stationery, brochure, or packaging design depends on the paper you use. You can choose the A5 Format type for your printed marketing materials with the aid of this overview.

Specifying Grade-Level Papers

Grade designates a group of papers depending on their major purpose. Additionally, it shows a quality ranking, going from premium (the finest) to #1, #2, #3, etc. There are five fundamental paper grades, arranged according to category: bond, offset or uncoated book, coated book, text, and cover. Brightness, opacity, mass, colour, finish, and fibre content are other qualities that can be found within each grade.

Using Basis Weight to Define Paper

Basis weight is another way to identify paper. Basis weight is the sum of the weights of 500 sheets of paper that have been cut into a basis size. The size of standard size sheets varies from school to grade, nevertheless. Different foundation weights might exist between two comparable sheets of varying grades. Coated papers are also compacted, so even though they weigh more, they don’t feel much thicker. For forms, copying, and stationery, bond paper often comes in 16#, 20#, and 24# weights. Offset weighs between 50 and 70 pounds. For web presses, coated book typically ranges from 30# to 70# and for sheetfed presses, from 60# to 110#. The weights of text paper range from 60 to 100. Typical cover paper weights range from 60 to 100 pounds, while duplex cover stocks double these weights.

Eye-Popping Tip: Before buying or specifying paper for your printer or designer, it is essential to get a complimentary swatch book from your paper representative. You may study and feel the numerous pages in the swatch book to check for things like quality, thickness, stiffness, opacity (transparency), and colour.


The brightness of a piece of paper refers to how much light it reflects. Photos printed on brighter paper will reflect more light, giving the impression that they are “popping off the page.” On brighter paper, type will likewise be easier to see, but lengthier texts may strain your eyes too much from the brightness (e.g., book interiors).

Printed and visual opacity

The ability of the paper to filter out light is known as visual opacity. See how much of a sheet of paper reflects the light by holding it up to the light. A contrast ratio is used to calculate opacity. Most printing sheets have an opacity between 80 and 98 percent. Bulk, coating, uneven surfaces, the use of pigments (colour), fillers, and ground wood all cause it to rise. The writing is easier to see and less strain on the eyes with a more opaque sheet. How much ink from one side of the print soaks through the paper is measured by printed opacity. These two qualities should be taken into account while designing folded and two-sided objects.


Bulk, also known as pages per inch, or PPI, refers to the paper’s thickness. To design the breadth of the spine or binding, you must determine the completed piece’s thickness. Consider selecting a paper with additional weight if you want a broader spine on a thin book.


There is a huge variety of colours in papers. From colder, blue-grey whites to warmer, creamy whites, there is a variety in white paper itself. Since ink is transparent, the colour of the paper will have an impact on the final ink colour. Colors will seem warmer on heated paper. A clean white sheet of A5 Format will produce colour images that are more faithful to your original colour prints.


Finish refers to the surface texture of the paper. A particle of wood can be as rough as paper, and vice versa. The shiniest finishes are often found on coated material and include cast-coated, premium, ultra gloss, and gloss finish. On top of the paper in these sheets is a smooth veneer made of clay and other substances.

Since coated paper can also have a matte appearance, coated paper does not always imply gloss. Uncoated papers can have a range of finishes, including the most toothless (machine finish), the toothiest (vellum, antique, and eggshell), and embossed (felt, linen, laid, ribbed, and lined finish).

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